Suddenly… Revisited

As mentioned in the previous article one of the functions of the paragraph is to change time and subject. A common way to do this is to drop in a ‘suddenly’ but, going back to the rule of repetition, too many appearances of ‘suddenly’ draws attention to it and not everything can happen suddenly. This … Continue reading Suddenly… Revisited


Breaking a Paragraph Revisited

The basic rule of a paragraph is that we break a paragraph when there’s a change of subject; a new idea is introduced, a new person speaks, the time shifts. This doesn’t mean that paragraphs are purely functional we can also use them to speed or slow the reader’s pace; a long paragraph slows the … Continue reading Breaking a Paragraph Revisited

I Looked At… Revisited

The phrase ‘looked at’ is often overused. By this I don’t mean using ‘looked’ as a body language reference, for example, where one character might say something and then another character looks at them without speaking. This, in its own way, is a form of implied description in which the reaction is implied by the … Continue reading I Looked At… Revisited

The Eloquence of Brevity Revisited

This week we're going back to basics and considering where we can trim words, ways to layout dialogue and what to do about paragraphs: Monday - I Looked At... How description of an object implies a character is looking at it. Tuesday - Antagonistic Adverbs, Should we never use adverbs? I wouldn't go that far. … Continue reading The Eloquence of Brevity Revisited

A Shift of Perspective Revisited

As I said in the previous article a first-person narrative is affected by the motivations of the characters but those motivations don’t have to be good, the first-person narrator is often used to create empathy for anti-heroes. Allowing readers to see everything through the perspective of the character can be used to persuade them of … Continue reading A Shift of Perspective Revisited

I Tell a Lie Revisited

The main reason the first-person narrator is also known as the subjective narrator is because we’re never entirely sure if they’re telling us the truth. This may not be an outright lie, it could be an omission, a flexing of the truth or a mistake. If we can’t see into the other characters heads then … Continue reading I Tell a Lie Revisited

Multiple Narrators

We’ve looked at stories that are told by subjective narrators within the narration of other narrators, which I referred to as ‘framed narratives’, but there are other types of narrative which I wouldn’t class as ‘framed narratives’. In these third-person, or even another first-person narrator, is used to show events or aspects of characters, that … Continue reading Multiple Narrators

Narrative Within Narrative Revisited

We’ve already looked at first-person/subjective narration that is the narrator telling the story directly to the reader but there is also the framed first-person. There are two main examples of this where the narrator is telling their story to someone else who is transcribing it, or similar, and where the first-person narration is framed within … Continue reading Narrative Within Narrative Revisited

The Sight Unseen Revisited

When writing first-person, also known as the subjective narrator, something people often struggle with is that nothing can happen on the page without the narrator being there to witness it. The narrator can hear a story from another character, they can tell a story second-hand or they imagine a story based on what they think … Continue reading The Sight Unseen Revisited

Centre Stage Revisited

This week we're beginning a look at first-person/subjective narration starting with a look at different ways of telling the story. Monday - The Sight Unseen, With first-person things can't happen on the page without the narrator to witness them. Tuesday - Narrative Within Narrative, We can also tell a first-person narration within another narration. Wednesday - … Continue reading Centre Stage Revisited